To our last man and our last shilling

I sincerely hope that international arbitration will avail before Europe is convulsed in the greatest war of any time. All, I am sure, will regret the critical position existing at the present time, and pray that a disastrous war may be averted. But should the worst happen after everything has been done that honour will permit, Australians will stand beside our own to help and defend her to our last man and our last shilling.
— Andrew Fisher


download (7)

Entente Cordiale – We’ll keep the flags a-flying boys, World War I postcard

2018 Canberra and Region Heritage Festival

April, the month of remembrance is also the month of the Canberra and Region Heritage Festival.

My culture, my story is the theme for this year’s festival. Running from 14 April to 29 April 2018, it is a celebration of Aboriginal, European and natural heritage in and around Canberra — Australia’s nation’s capital. Read here if you would like to attend one of the many festival events or to find out more about the festival.

download (6)

Old Parliament House, Canberra


April, the month of remembrance

My mind is on the First World War this month. Anzac Day, will be commemorated this month. On this day (25 April) Australians and New Zealanders remember those who have served and died in war. It marks the anniversary of the first major military action fought by Australian and New Zealand forces during the First World War. This was the landing on Gallipoli, which happened 103 years ago, in April 1915.



Postcard celebrating the end of World War I, 1919

Wars are poor chisels for carving out peaceful tomorrows

The past is prophetic in that it asserts loudly that wars are poor chisels for carving out peaceful tomorrows. One day we must come to see that peace is not merely a distant goal that we seek, but a means by which we arrive at that goal. We must pursue peaceful ends through peaceful means. How much longer must we play at deadly war games before we heed the plaintive pleas of the unnumbered dead and maimed of past wars?
— Martin Luther King Jr.



March 2018, Roundup

The month of:

Women, International Women’s Day, Women’s History Month

Questions and Answers

10 Questions About Women’s History

Gold Stars

Helen Leonard
Women’s Electoral Lobby
Australian Women’s History Forum
Australian Women’s History Network


Fernand Braudel, Caitlin Davies, Emily Davison, Charles Dickens, Miles Franklin, Clara Lemlich, Helen Leonard, Gerda Lerner, Muriel Matters, Emmeline Pankhurst, Bessie Rischbieth, Joan Wallach Scott, E.P. Thompson, Robert Wainwright, Alfred North Whitehead, Mary Wollstonecraft, Clare Wright


Broken Hill, California, Copenhagen, London, New York


1902: Australia grants women the right to vote and stand for election.
1908: Protest by Muriel Matters at the House of Commons; New York garment worker’s strike.
1909: First Women’s Day; Uprising of the 20,000 New York shirtwaist worker’s strike; Muriel Matters flies across London dropping Votes for Women handbills.
1911: Triangle Shirtwaist Fire.
1913: Emily Davison’s death at the Epsom Derby; Bessie Rischbieth witnesses the Suffragette movement.
1918: Representation of the People Act passed.
1928: Equal Franchise Act passed.
1962: Indigenous Australian women and men granted national voting rights.


Australian Women’s History Network
British Library
eScholarship Research Centre
Muriel Matters Society Inc
National Archives (UK)
National Centre of Biography
National Foundation for Australian Women
Parliament (UK)
School of Historical and Philosophical Studies
State Library of Victoria


Australian Dictionary of Biography
Australian women at war
Australian women’s history network resources
Australian Women’s Register
Biography of Clara Lemlich
Birth of a Nation? by Clare Wright
Canberra women in World War I
Encyclopedia history of women and leadership in twentieth-century Australia
Gender history in Australasia readings
Indigenous Australia
Labour Australia
Lilith: A Feminist History Journal
Muriel Matters TV movie
National History Challenge
Obituaries Australia
People Australia
Pictures (State Library of Victoria)
She’s Game: Women Making Australian Sporting History
Suffrage 100, The National Archives, UK
Suffragette movie
UN Timeline
Troves Digitised Newspapers
VIDA: Blog of the Australian Women’s History Network
Votes for Women, British Library
Women and the Vote, UK Parliament
Women’s Archives Project
Women Australia


Bad Girls : A History of Rebels and Renegades by Caitlin Davies
Miss Muriel Matters : The fearless suffragist who fought for equality by Robert Wainwright


I am afflicted with the power of thought, which is a heavy curse. The less a person thinks and inquires regarding the why and the wherefore and the justice of things, when dragging along through life, the happier it is for him, and doubly, trebly so, for her
— Miles Franklin

The deepest definition of youth is life as yet untouched by tragedy.
— Alfred North Whitehead

Women ought to have representatives, instead of being arbitrarily governed without any direct share allowed them in the deliberations of government.
— Mary Wollstonecraft

Happiness, whether in business or private life, leaves very little trace in history.
— Fernand Braudel

Those who expect moments of change to be comfortable and free of conflict have not learned their history.
— Joan Wallach Scott

Everything that explains the world has in fact explained a world that does not exist, a world in which men are at the centre of the human enterprise and women are at the margin ‘helping’ them. Such a world does not exist — never has.
— Gerda Lerner

It was the best of times, it was the worst of times, it was the age of wisdom, it was the age of foolishness, it was the epoch of belief, it was the epoch of incredulity, it was the season of light, it was the season of darkness, it was the spring of hope, it was the winter of despair.
― Charles Dickens

I am seeking to rescue the poor stockinger, the Luddite cropper, the “obsolete” hand-loom weaver, the “utopian” artisan, and even the deluded follower of Joanna Southcott, from the enormous condescension of posterity. Their crafts and traditions may have been dying. Their hostility to the new industrialism may have been backward-looking. Their communitarian ideals may have been fantasies. Their insurrectionary conspiracies may have been foolhardy. But they lived through these times of acute social disturbance, and we did not. Their aspirations were valid in terms of their own experience; and if they were casualties of history, they remain, condemned in their own lives, as casualties. ― E.P. Thompson

Answers to 10 Questions about Women’s History


Here are the answers to 10 Questions About Women’s History:.

  1. What does the acronym WRANS stand for? Women’s Royal Australian Naval Service
  2. How many children did Queen Victoria have? Nine
  3. The 2017 Battle of the Sexes movie is based on the 1973 tennis match between which two tennis players? Billie Jean King and Bobby Riggs
  4. Which country had the first democratically elected female president? Iceland
  5. What were the colours of the suffragette movement? Purple, white and green
  6. In which city was the Triangle Shirtwaist Company factory fire? New York
  7. What was the first country in the world to grant national voting rights to women? New Zealand
  8. In what decade did the Anglican Church of Australia approve legislation allowing for women to be ordained into the priesthood? 1990’s
  9. In 1984 Joan Benoit became the first gold medallist in which Olympic event? Women’s marathon
  10. In what year were Australian indigenous women (and men) granted national voting rights? 1962

For future reference you can find answers here as well.

Easy or difficult? Any surprises?